Disinfectants are powerful chemical agents used to eliminate or reduce the presence of harmful microorganisms on surfaces and objects. These essential solutions play a critical role in maintaining hygiene and preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Disinfectants work by disrupting the structure and function of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, rendering them unable to cause infections. They are commonly used in hospitals, clinics, households, and public spaces to sanitize and disinfect various surfaces, including countertops, medical equipment, doorknobs, and floors. By effectively killing or inactivating pathogens, disinfectants contribute to creating a safer and healthier environment, protecting individuals from potential infection, and promoting overall well-being.